The History of Bingo

By diablo3golds - November 20th, 2011, 12:08, Category: game

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The beginnings of what we know today as the game of Bingo can be traced back to 16th century Italy, where the lottery game Lo Giuoco del Lotto D'Italia was introduced. This popular Italian game came to America in the late 1920's and was then called Beano. A toy seller from New York changed the name to Bingo and helped make it a favorite throughout the United States.In the late 18th century the original Italian lotto game made it's way to France. In France the game was called Le Lotto and was very popular among the French high society who used to play the game at parties and social gatherings.Le Lotto was played with special cards that were divided into 3 rows and 9 columns. Each of the 3 rows consisted of 10 numbers, while each column had 5 random numbers and four blank spaces. Each player had a different lotto card used to mark the numbers announced by the caller. The first player to cover one row won the game.By the 19th century the game had spread all over Europe and was sold as a children's game. In the 1850's several educational lotto games were available. They were designed to teach children how to spell words, how to multiply numbers, etc.By the 1920's a similar lotto game known as Beano was being played at county fairs all over the United States. Players would place beans on their cards to mark the called out numbers. The first player to fill a row would yell out BEANO! Then one December night in 1929 a toy salesman from New York named Edwin S. Lowe visited a county fair outside Jacksonville, Georgia.Lowe purchased the Beano equipment which included dried beans, a rubber numbering stamp, and the cardboard cards before returning to New York. At his home he began hosting friendly Beano parties. During one game a stuttering girl got so excited she yelled out bingo instead of beano. Lowe's mind went into overdrive. He decided to develop a new game and call it Bingo.As Lowe's new Bingo game was just entering the market a priest from Pennsylvania ask for permission to use the game to raise money for charities. Permission was given and the church lost money on it's games. Since the variety of bingo cards was limited, every game had at least five winners.In order to improve the game and to lower the probabilities of winning, Lowe approached Professor Carl Leffler, a mathematician from Columbia University. Leffler was commissioned to create a much larger variety of Bingo cards, each with a unique combination of numbers. By 1930 Lowe had over 6000 Bingo cards and Professor Leffler went insane.Since then, the popularity of Bingo as a fundraiser has grown. By 1935 there were about 10,000 weekly Bingo games all over North America. Lowe's company grew to several thousand employees and 60 printing presses running 24 hours a day.Today Bingo is one of the most popular chance games in the world. It is played in churches, schools, local Bingo halls, and land based casinos everywhere.
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